Protection and Defense of Archaeological Sites

The protection and defense of the archaeological sites in Supe Valley, and others being researched by ZAC, is an endeavor led by the Head Office of ZAC and carried out with the participation of staff from the Office of Research, Preservation and Value Enhancement of Archaeological Sites, the Office of Analysis of Materials and Conservation of Objects, and the Legal Advice Area.

In this reference, there are three areas of action: the drawing-up of a Land-Use Plan for Supe river basin; the physical and legal “cleaning up” or consolidation of the archaeological sites; and the defense of the archaeological sites against activities that jeopardize them or have a negative impact on them.

Land-Use Plan

To organize land use and prevent harm to the national cultural heritage and the natural environment of Supe valley, ZAC/PEACS has been lobbying for several years for the execution of a Land-Use Plan.  In 2009, queries were made with professionals from the National Engineering University and later with Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú; however, the costs –ranging from 300,000 to 600,000 soles– were beyond our means.  In 2010, we persuaded the Ministry of the Environment to take on the execution of this activity.

With regard to the occupation of the valley, the fact must be taken into account that most of the settlements –which call themselves “populated centers” – are sometimes a small group of inhabitants who have relatives in the neighboring settlements and, in some cases, they are seasonally migrating herders.  The condition of these settlements needs to be evaluated, because they occupy archaeological sites or adjacent areas and continue to grow informally.  Most of the populated centers are lacking in basic services, so special care should be taken to demand the Certificate of Non-existence of Archaeological Remains (Spanish acronym: CIRA), to make sure that any installations undertaken will not affect the cultural and natural heritage of Supe Valley.